Publikationen in Druck
Bao, Z.; Guo, Y.; Deng, Y.; Zang, J.; Zhang, J.; Deng, Y.; Ouyang, B.; Qu, X.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Wang, P.; Microtubule-associated protein SlMAP70 interacts with IQ67-domain protein SlIQD21a to regulate fruit shape in tomato Plant Cell 1-18, (2023) DOI: 10.1093/plcell/koad231
Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit shape is related to microtubule organization and the activity of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). However, insights into the mechanism of fruit shape formation from a cell biology perspective remain limited. Analysis of the tissue expression profiles of different microtubule regulators revealed that functionally distinct classes of MAPs, including members of the plant-specific MICROTUBULE-ASSOCIATED PROTEIN 70 (MAP70) and IQ67 DOMAIN (IQD, also named SUN in tomato) families, are differentially expressed during fruit development. SlMAP70-1–3 and SlIQD21a are highly expressed during fruit initiation, which relates to the dramatic microtubule pattern rearrangements throughout this developmental stage of tomato fruits. Transgenic tomato lines overexpressing SlMAP70-1 or SlIQD21a produced elongated fruits with reduced cell circularity and microtubule anisotropy, while their loss-of-function mutants showed the opposite phenotype, harboring flatter fruits. Fruits were further elongated in plants coexpressing both SlMAP70-1 and SlIQD21a. We demonstrated that SlMAP70s and SlIQD21a physically interact and that the elongated fruit phenotype is likely due to microtubule stabilization induced by the SlMAP70–SlIQD21a interaction. Together, our results identify SlMAP70 proteins and SlIQD21a as important regulators of fruit elongation and demonstrate that manipulating microtubule function during early fruit development provides an effective approach to alter fruit shape.
Publikationen in Druck
Bürstenbinder, K.; Schwarzerová, K.; European Plant Cytoskeletal Club meeting: A vital platform for advancing plant cytoskeleton research Cytoskeleton 1-3, (2023) DOI: 10.1002/cm.21780
This contribution reports on a meeting of plant cytoskeleton scientists-the European Plant Cytoskeletal Club 2023 conference.
Nietzschmann, L.; Smolka, U.; Perino, E. H. B.; Gorzolka, K.; Stamm, G.; Marillonnet, S.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Rosahl, S.; The secreted PAMP-induced peptide StPIP1_1 activates immune responses in potato Sci. Rep. 13, 20534, (2023) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-47648-x
Treatment of potato plants with the pathogen-associated molecular pattern Pep-13 leads to the activation of more than 1200 genes. One of these, StPIP1_1, encodes a protein of 76 amino acids with sequence homology to PAMP-induced secreted peptides (PIPs) from Arabidopsis thaliana. Expression of StPIP1_1 is also induced in response to infection with Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight disease. Apoplastic localization of StPIP1_1-mCherry fusion proteins is dependent on the presence of the predicted signal peptide. A synthetic peptide corresponding to the last 13 amino acids of StPIP1_1 elicits the expression of the StPIP1_1 gene itself, as well as that of pathogenesis related genes. The oxidative burst induced by exogenously applied StPIP1_1 peptide in potato leaf disks is dependent on functional StSERK3A/B, suggesting that StPIP1_1 perception occurs via a receptor complex involving the co-receptor StSERK3A/B. Moreover, StPIP1_1 induces expression of FRK1 in Arabidopsis in an RLK7-dependent manner. Expression of an RLK from potato with high sequence homology to AtRLK7 is induced by StPIP1_1, by Pep-13 and in response to infection with P. infestans. These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that, upon secretion, StPIP1_1 acts as an endogenous peptide required for amplification of the defense response.
Dahiya, P.; Bürstenbinder, K.; The making of a ring: Assembly and regulation of microtubule-associated proteins during preprophase band formation and division plane set-up Curr. Opin. Plant Biol. 73, 102366, (2023) DOI: 10.1016/j.pbi.2023.102366
The preprophase band (PPB) is a transient cytokinetic structure that marks the future division plane at the onset of mitosis. The PPB forms a dense cortical ring of mainly microtubules, actin filaments, endoplasmic reticulum, and associated proteins that encircles the nucleus of mitotic cells. After PPB disassembly, the positional information is preserved by the cortical division zone (CDZ). The formation of the PPB and its contribution to timely CDZ set-up involves activities of functionally distinct microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) that interact physically and genetically to support robust division plane orientation in plants. Recent studies identified two types of plant-specific MAPs as key regulators of PPB formation, the TON1 RECRUITMENT MOTIF (TRM) and IQ67 DOMAIN (IQD) families. Both families share hallmarks of disordered scaffold proteins. Interactions of IQDs and TRMs with multiple binding partners, including the microtubule severing KATANIN1, may provide a molecular framework to coordinate PPB formation, maturation, and disassembly.
Bücher und Buchkapitel
Klemm, S.; Buhl, J.; Möller, B.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Quantitative analysis of microtubule organization in leaf epidermis pavement cells (Hussey, P.J., Wang, P.). The Plant Cytoskeleton 2604, 43-61, (2023) ISBN: 978-1-0716-2866-9 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-0716-2867-6_4
Leaf epidermis pavement cells form highly complex shapes with interlocking lobes and necks at their anticlinal walls. The microtubule cytoskeleton plays essential roles in pavement cell morphogenesis, in particular at necks. Vice versa, shape generates stress patterns that regulate microtubule organization. Genetic or pharmacological perturbations that affect pavement cell shape often affect microtubule organization. Pavement cell shape and microtubule organization are therefore closely interconnected. Here, we present commonly used approaches for the quantitative analysis of pavement cell shape characteristics and of microtubule organization. In combination with ablation experiments, these methods can be applied to investigate how different genotypes (or treatments) affect the organization and stress responsiveness of the microtubule cytoskeleton.
Bao, Z.; Guo, Y.; Deng, Y.; Zang, J.; Zhang, J.; Ouyang, B.; Qu, X.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Wang, P.; The microtubule-associated protein SlMAP70 interacts with SlIQD21 and regulates fruit shape formation in tomato (2022) DOI: 10.1101/2022.08.08.503161
The shape of tomato fruits is closely correlated to microtubule organization and the activity of microtubule associated proteins (MAP), but insights into the mechanism from a cell biology perspective are still largely elusive. Analysis of tissue expression profiles of different microtubule regulators revealed that functionally distinct classes of MAPs are highly expressed during fruit development. Among these, several members of the plant-specific MAP70 family are preferably expressed at the initiation stage of fruit development. Transgenic tomato lines overexpressing SlMAP70 produced elongated fruits that show reduced cell circularity and microtubule anisotropy, while SlMAP70 loss-of-function mutant showed an opposite effect with flatter fruits. Microtubule anisotropy of fruit endodermis cells exhibited dramatic rearrangement during tomato fruit development, and SlMAP70-1 is likely implicated in cortical microtubule organization and fruit elongation throughout this stage by interacting with SUN10/SlIQD21a. The expression of SlMAP70 (or co-expression of SlMAP70 and SUN10/SlIQD21a) induces microtubule stabilization and prevents its dynamic rearrangement, both activities are essential for fruit shape establishment after anthesis. Together, our results identify SlMAP70 as a novel regulator of fruit elongation, and demonstrate that manipulating microtubule stability and organization at the early fruit developmental stage has a strong impact on fruit shape.
Yang, B.; Stamm, G.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Voiniciuc, C.; Microtubule‐associated IQD9 orchestrates cellulose patterning in seed mucilage New Phytol. 235, 1096-1110, (2022) DOI: 10.1111/nph.18188
Arabidopsis seeds release large capsules of mucilaginous polysaccharides, which are shaped by an intricate network of cellulosic microfibrils. Cellulose synthase complexes are guided by the microtubule cytoskeleton, but it is unclear which proteins mediate this process in the seed coat epidermis. Using reverse genetics, we identified IQ67 DOMAIN 9 (IQD9) and KINESIN LIGHT CHAIN-RELATED 1 (KLCR1) as two highly expressed genes during seed development and comprehensively characterized their roles in cell wall polysaccharide biosynthesis. Mutations in IQD9 as well as in KLCR1 lead to compact mucilage capsules with aberrant cellulose distribution, which can be rescued by transgene complementation. IQD9 physically interacts with KLCR1 and localizes to cortical MTs to maintain their organization in SCE cells. IQD9 as well as a previously identified TONNEAU1 (TON1) RECRUITING MOTIF 4 (TRM4) protein act to maintain cellulose synthase velocity. Our results demonstrate that IQD9, KLCR1 and TRM4 are MT-associated proteins that are required for seed mucilage architecture. This study provides the first direct evidence that members of the IQD, KLCR and TRM families have overlapping roles in cell wall biosynthesis. Therefore, SCE cells provide an attractive system to further decipher the complex genetic regulation of polarized cellulose deposition.
Yang, B.; Stamm, G.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Voiniciuc, C.; Microtubule-associated IQD9 guides cellulose synthase velocity to shape seed mucilage bioRxiv (2021) DOI: 10.1101/2021.12.11.472226
SummaryArabidopsis seeds release large capsules of mucilaginous polysaccharides, which are shaped by an intricate network of cellulosic microfibrils. Cellulose synthase complexes is guided by the microtubule cytoskeleton, but it is unclear which proteins mediate this process in the seed coat epidermis (SCE).Using reverse genetics, we identified IQ67 DOMAIN 9 (IQD9) and KINESIN LIGHT CHAIN-RELATED 1 (KLCR1) as two highly expressed genes during seed development and comprehensively characterized their roles for cell wall polysaccharide biosynthesis and cortical microtubule (MT) organization.Mutations in IQD9 as well as in KLCR1 lead to compact mucilage capsules with aberrant cellulose distribution, which can be rescued by transgene complementation. Double mutant analyses revealed that their closest paralogs (IQD10 and KLCR2, respectively) are not required for mucilage biosynthesis. IQD9 physically interacts with KLCR1 and localizes to cortical MTs to maintain their organization in SCE cells. Similar to the previously identified TONNEAU1 (TON1) RECRUITING MOTIF 4 (TRM4) protein, IQD9 is required to maintain the velocity of cellulose synthases.Our results demonstrate that IQD9, KLCR1 and TRM4 are MT-associated proteins that are required for seed mucilage architecture. This study provides the first direct evidence that members of the IQD, KLCR and TRM families have overlapping roles in guiding the distribution of cell wall polysaccharides. Therefore, SCE cells provide an attractive system to further decipher the complex genetic regulation of polarized cellulose deposition.
Kumari, P.; Dahiya, P.; Livanos, P.; Zergiebel, L.; Kölling, M.; Poeschl, Y.; Stamm, G.; Hermann, A.; Abel, S.; Müller, S.; Bürstenbinder, K.; IQ67 DOMAIN proteins facilitate preprophase band formation and division-plane orientation Nat. Plants 7, 739-747, (2021) DOI: 10.1038/s41477-021-00923-z
Spatiotemporal control of cell division is essential for the growth and development of multicellular organisms. In plant cells, proper cell plate insertion during cytokinesis relies on the premitotic establishment of the division plane at the cell cortex. Two plant-specific cytoskeleton arrays, the preprophase band (PPB) and the phragmoplast, play important roles in division-plane orientation and cell plate formation, respectively1. Microtubule organization and dynamics and their communication with membranes at the cortex and cell plate are coordinated by multiple, mostly distinct microtubule-associated proteins2. How division-plane selection and establishment are linked, however, is still unknown. Here, we report members of the Arabidopsis IQ67 DOMAIN (IQD) family3 as microtubule-targeted proteins that localize to the PPB and phragmoplast and additionally reside at the cell plate and a polarized cortical region including the cortical division zone (CDZ). IQDs physically interact with PHRAGMOPLAST ORIENTING KINESIN (POK) proteins4,5 and PLECKSTRIN HOMOLOGY GTPase ACTIVATING (PHGAP) proteins6, which are core components of the CDZ1. The loss of IQD function impairs PPB formation and affects CDZ recruitment of POKs and PHGAPs, resulting in division-plane positioning defects. We propose that IQDs act as cellular scaffolds that facilitate PPB formation and CDZ set-up during symmetric cell division.
Zang, J.; Klemm, S.; Pain, C.; Duckney, P.; Bao, Z.; Stamm, G.; Kriechbaumer, V.; Bürstenbinder, K.; Hussey, P. J.; Wang, P.; A novel plant actin-microtubule bridging complex regulates cytoskeletal and ER structure at ER-PM contact sites Curr. Biol. 31, 1251-1260, (2021) DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2020.12.009
In plants, the cortical endoplasmic reticulum (ER) network is connected to the plasma membrane (PM) through the ER-PM contact sites (EPCSs), whose structures are maintained by EPCS resident proteins and the cytoskeleton.1-7 Strong co-alignment between EPCSs and the cytoskeleton is observed in plants,1,8 but little is known of how the cytoskeleton is maintained and regulated at the EPCS. Here, we have used a yeast-two-hybrid screen and subsequent in vivo interaction studies in plants by fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) analysis to identify two microtubule binding proteins, KLCR1 (kinesin-light-chain-related protein 1) and IQD2 (IQ67-domain 2), that interact with the actin binding protein NET3C and form a component of plant EPCS that mediates the link between the actin and microtubule networks. The NET3C-KLCR1-IQD2 module, acting as an actin-microtubule bridging complex, has a direct influence on ER morphology and EPCS structure. Their loss-of-function mutants, net3a/NET3C RNAi, klcr1, or iqd2, exhibit defects in pavement cell morphology, which we suggest is linked to the disorganization of both actin filaments and microtubules. In conclusion, our results reveal a novel cytoskeletal-associated complex, which is essential for the maintenance and organization of cytoskeletal structure and ER morphology at the EPCS and for normal plant cell morphogenesis.