@Article{IPB-2414, author = {Dietz, S. and Herz, K. and Döll, S. and Haider, S. and Jandt, U. and Bruelheide, H. and Scheel, D.}, title = {{Semi‐polar root exudates in natural grassland communities}}, year = {2019}, pages = {5526-5541}, journal = {Ecol Evol}, doi = {10.1002/ece3.5043}, url = {https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5043}, volume = {9}, abstract = {In the rhizosphere, plants are exposed to a multitude of different biotic and abiotic factors, to which they respond by exuding a wide range of secondary root metabolites. So far, it has been unknown to which degree root exudate composition is species‐specific and is affected by land use, the local impact and local neighborhood under field conditions. In this study, root exudates of 10 common grassland species were analyzed, each five of forbs and grasses, in the German Biodiversity Exploratories using a combined phytometer and untargeted liquid chromatography‐mass spectrometry (LC‐MS) approach. Redundancy analysis and hierarchical clustering revealed a large set of semi‐polar metabolites common to all species in addition to species‐specific metabolites. Chemical richness and exudate composition revealed that forbs, such as Plantago lanceolata and Galium species, exuded more species‐specific metabolites than grasses. Grasses instead were primarily affected by environmental conditions. In both forbs and grasses, plant functional traits had only a minor impact on plant root exudation patterns. Overall, our results demonstrate the feasibility of obtaining and untargeted profiling of semi‐polar metabolites under field condition and allow a deeper view in the exudation of plants in a natural grassland community.} }