@Article{IPB-2351, author = {Hausner, J. and Jordan, M. and Otten, C. and Marillonnet, S. and B├╝ttner, D.}, title = {{Modular Cloning of the Type III Secretion Gene Cluster from the Plant-Pathogenic Bacterium Xanthomonas euvesicatoria}}, year = {2019}, pages = {532-547}, journal = {ACS Synth Biol}, doi = {10.1021/acssynbio.8b00434}, url = {https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.8b00434}, volume = {8}, abstract = {Type III secretion (T3S) systems are essential pathogenicity factors of most Gram-negative bacteria and translocate effector proteins into plant or animal cells. T3S systems can, therefore, be used as tools for protein delivery into eukaryotic cells, for instance after transfer of the T3S gene cluster into nonpathogenic recipient strains. Here, we report the modular cloning of the T3S gene cluster from the plant-pathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas euvesicatoria. The resulting multigene construct encoded a functional T3S system and delivered effector proteins into plant cells. The modular design of the T3S gene cluster allowed the efficient replacement and rearrangement of single genes or operons and the insertion of reporter genes for functional studies. In the present study, we used the modular T3S system to analyze the assembly of a fluorescent fusion of the predicted cytoplasmic ring protein HrcQ. Our studies demonstrate the use of the modular T3S gene cluster for functional analyses and mutant approaches in X. euvesicatoria. A potential application of the modular T3S system as protein delivery tool is discussed.} }