@Article{IPB-2016, author = {Wasternack, C. and Song, S.}, title = {{Jasmonates: biosynthesis, metabolism, and signaling by proteins activating and repressing transciption}}, year = {2017}, pages = {1303-1321}, journal = {J Exp Bot}, doi = {10.1093/jxb/erw443}, url = {http://jxb.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2016/12/10/jxb.erw443.abstract}, volume = {68}, abstract = {The lipid-derived phytohormone jasmonate (JA) regulates plant growth, development, secondary metabolism, defense against insect attack and pathogen infection, and tolerance to abiotic stresses such as wounding, UV light, salt, and drought. JA was first identified in 1962, and since the 1980s many studies have analyzed the physiological functions, biosynthesis, distribution, metabolism, perception, signaling, and crosstalk of JA, greatly expanding our knowledge of the hormone’s action. In response to fluctuating environmental cues and transient endogenous signals, the occurrence of multilayered organization of biosynthesis and inactivation of JA, and activation and repression of the COI1–JAZ-based perception and signaling contributes to the fine-tuning of JA responses. This review describes the JA biosynthetic enzymes in terms of gene families, enzymatic activity, location and regulation, substrate specificity and products, the metabolic pathways in converting JA to activate or inactivate compounds, JA signaling in perception, and the co-existence of signaling activators and repressors} }