@INBOOK{IPB-2, author = {Niemeyer, M. and Parra, J. O. F. and Calderón Villalobos, L. I. A.}, title = {{Plant Proteostasis}}, year = {2023}, pages = {43-56}, chapter = {{An in vitro assay to recapitulate hormone-triggered and SCF-mediated protein ubiquitylation}}, journal = {Methods Mol. Biol.}, editor = {Lois, L.M., Trujillo, M.}, doi = {10.1007/978-1-0716-2784-6_4}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-0716-2784-6_4}, volume = {2581}, abstract = {Signaling proteins trigger a sequence of molecular switches in the cell, which permit development, growth, and rapid adaptation to changing environmental conditions. SCF-type E3 ubiquitin ligases recognize signaling proteins prompting changes in their fate, one of these being ubiquitylation followed by degradation by the proteasome. SCFs together with their ubiquitylation targets (substrates) often serve as phytohormone receptors, responding and/or assembling in response to fluctuating intracellular hormone concentrations. Tracing and understanding phytohormone perception and SCF-mediated ubiquitylation of proteins could provide powerful clues on the molecular mechanisms utilized for plant adaptation. Here, we describe an adaptable in vitro system that uses recombinant proteins and enables the study of hormone-triggered SCF-substrate interaction and the dynamics of protein ubiquitylation. This system can serve to predict the requirements for protein recognition and to understand how phytohormone levels have the power to control protein fate.} }