@Article{IPB-11935, author = {Abdel Shakour, Z. T. and El-Akad, R. H. and Elshamy, A. I. and El Gendy, A. E.-N. G. and Wessjohann, L. A. and Farag, M. A.}, title = {{Dissection of Moringa oleifera leaf metabolome in context of its different extracts, origin and in relationship to its biological effects as analysed using molecular networking and chemometrics}}, year = {2023}, pages = {133948}, journal = {Food Chem.}, doi = {10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.133948}, url = {https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.133948}, volume = {399}, abstract = {M. oleifera known as “miracle tree” is increasingly used in nutraceuticals for the reported health effects and nutritional value of its leaves. This study presents the first metabolome profiling of M. oleifera leaves of African origin using different solvent polarities via HR-UPLC/MS based molecular networking followed by multivariate data analyses for samples classification. 119 Chemicals were characterized in both positive and negative modes belonging to 8 classes viz. phenolic acids, flavonoids, peptides, fatty acids/amides, sulfolipids, glucosinolates and carotenoids. New metabolites i.e., polyphenolics, fatty acids, in addition to a new class of sulfolipids were annotated for the first time in Moringa leaves. In vitro anti-inflammatory and anti-aging bioassays of the leaf extracts were assessed and in correlation to their metabolite profile via multivariate data analyses. Kaempferol, quercetin and apigenin-O/C-glycosides, fatty acyl amides and carotenoids appeared crucial for biological activities and leaves origin discrimination.} }