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Publikationen - Molekulare Signalverarbeitung

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Publikation

Rekik, I.; Drira, N.; Grubb, C. D.; Elleuch, A. Molecular characterization and evolution studies of a SERK like gene transcriptionally induced during somatic embryogenesis in Phoenix Dactylifera L v Deglet Nour Genetika 47, 323-337, (2015) DOI: 10.2298/GENSR1501323R

A somatic embryogenesis receptor kinase like (SERKL) cDNA, designated PhSERKL, was isolated from date palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L) using RACE PCR. PhSERKL protein shared all the characteristic domains of the SERK family, including five leucine-rich repeats, one proline-rich region motif, a transmembrane domain, and kinase domains. Phylogenetic analyses using PHYLIP and Notung 2.7 programs suggest that the SERK proteins of some plant species resulted from relatively ancient duplication events. We predict an ancestor protein of monocots and dicots SERK using FASTML program. Somatic embryogenic cultures of date palm were established following transfer of callus cultures to medium containing 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The role of PhSERKL gene during establishment of somatic embryogenesis in culture was investigated using quantitative real-time PCR. PhSERKL gene was highly expressed during embryogenic competence acquisition and globular embryo formation in culture. Overall, levels of expression of PhSERKL gene were lower in nonembryogenic tissues and organs than in embryogenic callus.
Publikation

Hamdi, I.; Elleuch, A.; Bessaies, N.; Grubb, C. D.; Fakhfakh, H. First report of Citrus viroid V in North Africa J Gen Plant Pathol 81, 87-91, (2015) DOI: 10.1007/s10327-014-0556-9

We tested citrus samples from Tunisia using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and for the first time, Citrus viroid V (CVd-V) was reported in North Africa. Fourteen of 38 tested citrus trees were infected by CVd-V including the majority of varieties grown in Tunisia. Some RT-PCR results were also supported by biological indexing. After sequencing the RT-PCR products, three new CVd-V variants were identified, showing 80–91 % nucleotide sequence identity with those reported previously. Based on phylogenetic analysis using all CVd-V sequences in GenBank, two main CVd-V groups were identified. Furthermore, construction of a genetic network of the detected haplotypes using the same sequences shows a clear geographical structuring of Tunisian CVd-V variants.
Publikation

Schilling, S.; Manhart, S.; Hoffmann, T.; Ludwig, H.-H.; Wasternack, C.; Demuth, H.-U. Substrate specificity of glutaminyl cyclases from plants and animals Biol. Chem. 384, 1583-1592, (2003)

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Publikation

Li, G.; Goyal, G.S.; Abel, S.; Quiros, C.F. Inheritance of three major genes involved in the synthesis of aliphatic glucosinolates in <em>Brassica oleracea</em> J Amer Soc Hort Sci 126, 427 - 431, (2001)

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Publikation

Miersch, O.; Wasternack, C. Octadecanoid and jasmonate signaling in tomato leaves (<EM>Lycopersicon esculentum</EM> Mill.): Endogenous jasmonates do not induce jasmonate biosynthesis Biol. Chem. 381, 715-722, (2000)

Jasmonates and their precursors, the octadecanoids, are signals in stress-induced alteration of gene expression. Several mRNAs coding for enzymes of jasmonic acid (JA) biosynthesis are up-regulated upon JA treatment or endogenous rise of JA level. Here we inspected the positive feed back of endogenous JA on JA formation as well as its beta-oxidation steps. JA responsive gene expression was recorded in terms of proteinase inhibitor2 (pin2) mRNA accumulation. JA formed upon treatment of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum cv. Moneymaker) leaves with JA derivatives carrying different length of the carboxylic acid side chain was quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The data reveal that beta-oxidation of the side chain occurs up to a butyric acid moiety. The amount of JA formed from side-chain modified JA derivatives, correlated with pin2-mRNA accumulation. JA derivatives with a carboxylic side chain of 3, 5 or 7 carbon atoms were unable to form JA and to express on pin2, whereas even numbered derivatives were active. After treatment of tomato leaves with (10-2H)-(-)-12-oxophytoenoic acid, (4-2H)-(-)-JA and its methyl ester were formed and could be quantified separately from the endogenously unlabeled JA pool by GC-MS analysis via isotopic discrimination. The level of 8 nmol per g f.w. JA and its methyl ester originated exclusively from labeled 12-oxophytoenic acid. This and further data indicate that endogenous synthesis of the JA precursor 12-oxophytodienoic acid as well as of JA and its methyl ester are not induced in tomato leaves, suggesting that positive feedback in JA biosynthesis does not function in vivo.
Publikation

Quint, M.; Melchinger, A.E.; Dussle, C.M.; Lübberstedt, T. Breeding for virus resistance in maize Genetika 32, 283-291, (2000)

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