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Publications - Stress and Develop Biology

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Trempel, F.; Eschen‐Lippold, L.; Bauer, N.; Ranf, S.; Westphal, L.; Scheel, D.; Lee, J. A mutation in Asparagine‐Linked Glycosylation 12 (ALG12) leads to receptor misglycosylation and attenuated responses to multiple microbial elicitors FEBS Lett (2020) DOI: 10.1002/1873-3468.13850

Changes in cellular calcium levels are one of the earliest signalling events in plants exposed to pathogens or other exogenous factors. In a genetic screen, we identified an Arabidopsis thaliana ‘changed calcium elevation 1 ’ (cce1 ) mutant with attenuated calcium response to the bacterial flagellin flg22 peptide and several other elicitors. Whole genome re‐sequencing revealed a mutation in ALG12 (Asparagine‐Linked Glycosylation 12 ) that encodes the mannosyltransferase responsible for adding the eighth mannose residue in an α‐1,6 linkage to the dolichol‐PP‐oligosaccharide N ‐glycosylation glycan tree precursors. While properly targeted to the plasma membrane, misglycosylation of several receptors in the cce1 background suggests that N ‐glycosylation is required for proper functioning of client proteins.

Mönchgesang, S.; Strehmel, N.; Trutschel, D.; Westphal, L.; Neumann, S.; Scheel, D. Plant-to-plant variability in root metabolite profiles of 19 <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i> accessions is substance-class-dependent Inter J Mol Sci 17, (2016) DOI: 10.3390/ijms17091565

Natural variation of secondary metabolism between different accessions of Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) has been studied extensively. In this study, we extended the natural variation approach by including biological variability (plant-to-plant variability) and analysed root metabolic patterns as well as their variability between plants and naturally occurring accessions. To screen 19 accessions of A. thaliana, comprehensive non-targeted metabolite profiling of single plant root extracts was performed using ultra performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC/ESI-QTOF-MS) and gas chromatography/electron ionization quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC/EI-QMS). Linear mixed models were applied to dissect the total observed variance. All metabolic profiles pointed towards a larger plant-to-plant variability than natural variation between accessions and variance of experimental batches. Ratios of plant-to-plant to total variability were high and distinct for certain secondary metabolites. None of the investigated accessions displayed a specifically high or low biological variability for these substance classes. This study provides recommendations for future natural variation analyses of glucosinolates, flavonoids, and phenylpropanoids and also reference data for additional substance classes.

Grzam, A.; Tennstedt, P.; Clemens, S.; Hell, R.; Meyer, A. J. Vacuolar sequestration of glutathione S-conjugates outcompetes a possible degradation of the glutathione moiety by phytochelatin synthase FEBS Lett 580, 6384-6390, (2006) DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2006.10.050


Stumpe, M.; Kandzia, R.; Göbel, C.; Rosahl, S.; Feussner, I. A pathogen-inducible divinyl ether synthase (CYP74D) from elicitor-treated potato suspension cells FEBS Lett 507, 371-376, (2001)

In elicitor-treated potato cells, 9-lipoxygenase-derived oxylipins accumulate with the divinyl ether colneleic acid as the major metabolite. Here, the identification of a potato cDNA is described, whose predicted amino acid sequence corresponds to divinyl ether synthases, belonging to the recently identified new P450 subfamily CYP74D. The recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to metabolize 9-hydroperoxy linoleic acid to colneleic acid at pH 6.5. This fatty acid derivative has been implicated in functioning as a plant antimicrobial compound. RNA blot analyses revealed accumulation of divinyl ether synthase transcripts both upon infiltration of potato leaves with Pseudomonas syringae and after infection with Phytophthora infestans.
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