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A piperic acid CoA ligase produces a putative precursor of piperine.
Scientists at the IPB have described a specific piperic acid CoA ligase in immature green fruits of black pepper (Piper nigrum L.). The enzyme, which was functionally expressed in E. coli, displays a high specificity for piperic acid and does not accept the structurally related feruperic acid or other hydroxycinnamic acids as a substrate. Substrate specificity is corroborated by in silico modeling which suggests a perfect fit of the substrate piperic acid to the active site of the piperic acid CoA ligase. The CoA ligase gene shows highest expression levels in immature green fruits, is also expressed in leaves and flowers, but not in roots. Virus‐induced gene silencing provided some preliminary indications that the production of piperoyl‐CoA is required for the biosynthesis of piperine in black pepper fruits. Despite its long history and the worldwide use of black pepper, the biosynthesis of piperine and related amides has been enigmatic up to now.
Arianne Schnabel, Fernando Cotinguiba, Benedikt Athmer, Changqing Yang, Bernhard Westermann, Angela Schaks, Andrea Porzel, Wolfgang Brandt, Frank Schumacher & Thomas Vogt. A piperic acid CoA ligase produces a putative precursor of piperine, the pungent principle from black pepper fruits. The plant Journal, December 2019, https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.14652